Ancient Beliefs Connected With the Cross and Swastika by Donald A. MacKenzie

Cover of: Ancient Beliefs Connected With the Cross and Swastika | Donald A. MacKenzie

Published by Kessinger Publishing .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Non-Classifiable,
  • Novelty

Book details

The Physical Object
FormatPaperback
Number of Pages52
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL11864411M
ISBN 101425456065
ISBN 109781425456061

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The Bronze Age cross, the Greek cross and the swastika are all ancient symbols existing long before the Christianization of the western world. The question is, did these two symbols, the swastika and the cross, simultaneously exist throughout the ages or is it possible that one was derived from the other, that is, the cross from the swastika.

The swastika symbol has featured in virtually all the major religions of the world (and the ancient world) – i.e. Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, West African traditional religions, Jainism, and Odinism. The Nazi Hakenkreuz was a 5 x 5 diagonal grid fitted with uncut legs of crosses.

The swastika (from Sanskrit svástika; also known outside the Indian subcontinent as the Hakenkreuz, gammadion cross, cross cramponnée, croix gammée, fylfot, or tetraskelion) is an ancient Indo-European religious symbol with the earliest known example found in Mezine, modern Ukraine, that generally takes the form of an equilateral cross with four legs each bent at 90 degrees in either right.

Cardiff University, Ancient History, Graduate Student. Some writers have been ascribed as being linked to deities such as the god Baal and Agni (Wilson ).

Now with the swastika appearing almost everywhere, it is hardly surprising that we find it in Ancient Greece. The Swastika is not exactly new to the Aegean. The Hakenkreuz (hooked cross) is an ancient religious symbol of Germany, which has relation with the un-hooked cross, the Prussian-German Iron cross and to many other crosses.

If I refer to work “ Pledge of Allegiance & Swastika Secrets ” by Dr. Rex Curry, this symbol was also used by German National Socialists to represent “S” letters for their “socialism.”. The earliest known use of the swastika symbol—an equilateral cross with arms bent to the right at 90° angles—was discovered carved on a 15,year-old ivory figurine of a bird made from mammoth tusk.

The ancient engraving is hypothesized to have been used for fertility and health purposes, the pattern similar to one that is found naturally occurring on the mammoth—an animal that has been regarded as. The swastika is one of the oldest and most widespread of humanity’s symbols.

It can be found on artifacts thousands of years old from several continents. While it was used by the Norse and other Germanic peoples from the beginnings of those societies, the swastika is far from just a Germanic symbol.

It was one Continue reading The Swastika – Its Ancient Origins and Modern (Mis)use →. The ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol of life—the ankh, a tau cross surmounted by a loop and known as crux ansata—was adopted and extensively used on Coptic Christian monuments.

The swastika, called crux gammata, composed of four Greek capitals of the letter gamma, is marked on many early Christian tombs as a veiled symbol of the cross. In the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit, swastika means "well-being".

The symbol has been used by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains for millennia and is commonly assumed to be an Indian sign. Ancient Origins articles related to swastika in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends.

(Page of tag swastika). Schliemann discovered the hooked cross on the site of ancient Troy. He connected it with similar shapes found on pottery in Germany and speculated that it was a “significant religious symbol of our remote ancestors.” In the beginning of the 20th century the swastika was widely used in Europe.

As anchor looks like a cross, it became the symbol of hope for salvation and eternal life. According to the book “Christian symbolics” by Alexey Uvarov, a famous archeologist, in some ancient Roman caves people found plates without any inscriptions but with the signs of an anchor.

Cross “Vine”. So in Hinduism, the right-hand swastika illustrated below is a symbol of the God Vishnu and the Sun, while the left-hand swastika is a symbol of Kali and Magic.

The double meaning of symbols is common in ancient traditions, like for example the symbol of the pentagram (five pointed star), which is viewed as negative when pointing downwards, and positive when pointing upwards.

The Gammate cross or swastika is, despite its apparently complicated form, next to the equilateral cross, the most widely diffused throughout antiquity. D’Alviella states it to exist in Hissarlik (the site of Ancient Troy) from the second or burnt city (op.

cit., p. ) and on the womb of a female idol (also common to the goddess Athis. The swastika’s meaning began to shift in the s and s, when Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party appropriated it as a symbol of their belief in an ancient Aryan race.

The swastika as a symbol of prosperity and good fortune is widely distributed throughout the ancient and modern world. The word is derived from the Sanskrit svastika, meaning “conducive to well-being.” It was a favourite symbol on ancient Mesopotamian coinage.

In Scandinavia the left-hand swastika was the sign for the god Thor’s hammer. The current official symbol of the Raelian Movement is a hexagram intertwined with a right-facing is a symbol that Rael saw on the Elohim spaceship.

As a point of note, a very similar symbol can be seen on some copies of the Tibetan Book of the Dead, where a swastika sits inside two overlapping triangles.

Starting aroundthis symbol was often replaced by a variant. Swastika: A symbol of hope and Evil. The word Swastika comes from Sanskrit work svastika which means “Good fortune” and “well-being”. It is best described as a cross in which arms have been bent at right angle thereby also terming it as a “hooked cross”.

In. The misunderstood swastika. Dear Cecil: You were wrong. I refer to the question concerning the historical roots of the swastika.

You informed us that it was an ancient Indian symbol. In reality, however, the Indian symbol was not the Nazi swastika but rather a. Hooked Cross had been a sacred symbol of Christianity since its inception in ancient days and it is very natural to find Hooked Cross symbol in old churches and chapels.

Swastika in Lambach Abbey. The swastika was well-known in Europe and the U.S. prior to the Holocaust. Over a century ago archaeologists encountered it in the cultural remains of the Ancient Greeks, Celts and Anglo-Saxons, as well as across Eastern Europe. The symbol also found a place in modern Western architecture and design before the Nazi party made it taboo.

The swastika is thus associated with fire — particularly the sacred fire known as agni, which is not to be confused with the physical manifestation per se. Because this fire is caused by friction, the swastika is also associated with motion.

And from its shape, it is connected with the cross. Thus the swastika can represent a cross in motion. In several major Indo-European religions, the swastika symbolizes lightning bolts, representing the thunder god and the king of the gods, such as Indra in Vedic Hinduism, Zeus in the ancient Greek religion, Jupiter in the ancient Roman religion, and Thor in the ancient Germanic religion.

The swastika is an icon which is widely found in both human history and the modern world. The swastika (卐) (Sanskrit: स्वस्तिक) is an equilateral cross with four arms bent at 90 degrees. The earliest archaeological evidence of swastika-shaped ornaments dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization as well as the Mediterranean Classical Antiquity.

Swastikas have also been used in various other ancient civilizations around the world including China, Japan, India, and. The actual swastika symbol (as a hooked cross) was first used ab years ago on a bird figurine found in Ukraine.

Thereafter, it has been one of the most widely used icons in human history. Archaeologists and historians have found the swastika on several artefacts like pottery, jewellery, weaponry, artwork as well as in archaeological. One ancient Greek symbol closely resembling the swastika was known as “gammadion,” or “crux gammata” (the cross with gammas).

It resembled four Greek capital letters of gamma placed together, so their corners formed a common center. Some early Christians used the gammadion to represent the cross of Christ. The Good Swastika Making peace with the swastika does not mean making peace with Nazis past and present, nor with their hateful ideology – nor with their corrupted version of that symbol.

This ancient Mycenaean doll with Swastika symbol was found at the site of ancient Thera. Thera is an antique city on a ridge of the steep, m high Messavouno mountain on the Greek island of Santorini. It was named after the mythical ruler of the island, Theras, and was inhabited from the.

The Swastika symbol was widely used by the Ancient Maya civilization. The first time the Swastika symbol was used with an Aryan connection is believed to have been on Decemby Order of the New Templars. The town of Swastika located in Ontario, Canada is actually named after the Swastika symbol.

In his book, The Buddhist Swastika and Hitler’s Cross, he argues that the central motif employed on Nazi banners has never been referred to as a Swastika by Adolf Hitler in the Mein Kampf.

Swastika — a sacred and auspicious symbol Swastika is a Sanskrit word, derived from the roots su and asti, and means “that which brings good luck and well-being.” The word swasti appears in the Vedas and across classical Hindu literature, as illustrated by this famous Mantra from the Rigveda.

The swastika is a symbol of rebirth and the four types of beings that one can be born into: heavenly, human, animal or hellish. Three dots are displayed over the swastika, which represents right knowledge, right faith, and right conduct.

The swastika is common as a design motif in current Hindu architecture and Indian artwork as well as in ancient Western architecture, frequently appearing in mosaics, friezes, and other works across the ancient world. Ancient Greek architectural designs are replete with interlinking swastika d symbols in classical Western architecture include the cross, the three.

The Swastika is a cross with its arms bent at right angles, in either left-facing or right-facing forms. It is a widely-used religious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and the s, the Hakenkreuz became the symbol for the Nazi party in the Western was used as the symbol of the Finnish Air Force until It bears a strong resemblance to Swastika and people often refer to.

Names. The word swastika has been in use in English since the s, replacing gammadion (from Greek γαμμάδιον) It was loaned from the Sanskrit term svastika (Devanagari. About B.C. The swastika was depicted on pottery from Troy in northwestern Asia Minor and, somewhat later, on seals from the Harappan civilization.

The Swastika also appear in the New World, but most of these were not true swastikas. However, the swastika does appear in its true Old World form among the Hopewell Indians of Ohio.

The swastika was long used as a symbol of well-being in ancient societies, including those in India, China, Africa, native America, and Europe. Adolf Hitler designed the Nazi flag in He combined the swastika with the three colors of the German Imperial flag (red, black, and white).

The swastika symbol, 卐 (right-facing or clockwise) or 卍 (left-facing or counterclockwise), is an ancient religious icon in the cultures of left-facing version may also be referred to as is used as a symbol of divinity and spirituality in Indian religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism and the Western world, it was a symbol of auspiciousness and good luck.

The Arevakhach (solar cross) symbol often found in Armenian memorial stelae is claimed as an ancient Armenian solar symbol of eternity and light. Some Sami shaman drums have the Beaivi Sami sun symbol that resembles a sun cross.

The swastika can be derived from the sun cross, and is another solar symbol in some contexts. The Swastika refers only to the rt. hand spinning cross such as used in Nazi Germany, the more correct & older version is called the Swavastika and spins the opposite direction.

Hitler subverted the older symbol for his own perverse reasons. The left hand Swavastika refer to the male & the right hand Swastika refers female. The swastika (Sanskrit svastika) is a cross with four arms of equal length, with the ends of each arm bent at a right mes the crossing lines are horizontal and vertical and other times they are an angle, forming a central "X" shape.

( AM) friendofafriend Wrote: If I remember correctly swastika symbol originated from Buddhism. I study the swastika 24/7/ Time somebody did.

It reveals many secrets to the cosmos. This next quote was taken from a book written. Swastika Swastika’s origin is not known to the present mankind but references of this insignia are found in various civilization and religions.

Swastika is considered to be one of the most revered insignia of Hinduism and rituals associated with i.

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